Home > About Tokyo and Japan Archive

About Tokyo and Japan Archive

Forbes: Japan’s Market Economy Is Thriving, But For Troubling Reasons

Foto: Japanexperterna, 2014 (CC BY-SA)

Foto: Japanexperterna, 2014 (CC BY-SA)

Recently published in Forbes.com, Masazumi Wakatabe, a Professor of Economics at Waseda University in Japan, and currently a visiting fellow at the Center on Japanese Economy and Business at Columbia Business School writes about Japan’s seemingly thriving market economy. Here is an excerpt. For the entire article along with interesting links, click here.

Wakatabe: While trust in Japan’s corporate elite is eroding, the country’s market economy is thriving. Too bad it’s for troubling reasons.

Exhibit A: According to media reports in April, people were selling cash on Mercari, a online Japanese auction company–at a premium.

For example, people auctioned off 10,000 yen but at the price of 13,000 yen. Why would people pay 3,000 yen extra to get cash? The reason is quite simple: People want cash at a lower cost than they would get it somewhere else. A money lender would charge an exorbitant interest rate.

After being notified, the company acted swiftly and banned people from auctioning cash. However, in the market economy, people come up with alternatives. They began auctioning charged electronic travel cards, gift cards and even bundles of receipts detailing money spent but not by who. (Rumor has it that some business owners in Japan need receipts to avoid paying taxes.)

And as soon as these items were banned, other alternatives sprang up. Like an Ema, a small wooden placate with a picture of a horse traditionally considered a lucky charm in Japan, with a 100,000 yen cash back option (here, in Japanese).

Or a second-hand book written by Yukichi Fukuzawa–one of the best thinkers in modern Japan and a founder of prestigious Keio University–with his “portrait” card inside. Fukuzawa’s face appears on the 10,000 yen bill, meaning the “portrait” card is just that.

So although the book itself is worth perhaps around 100 yen, the one with a “portrait” sells for 15,000 yen.

Exhibit B: There’s also news about increased incidents of gold being smuggled into Japan from foreign countries. That’s right, gold.

Why? Many speculate that this has something to do with the consumption tax (here, in Japanese).

Importing gold from a foreign country, say South Korea, through official channels incurs the importer 8% consumption tax. So gold worth 1 billion yen would incur a consumption tax of 80 million yen. This gives people every incentive to avoid paying the tax.

There’s evidence to support the theory: After the consumption tax hike, there was a jump in the number of smuggling of gold. There were only eight incidents in 2013, but the number increased to 177 in 2014 when the consumption tax was raised from 5% to 8%. Then to 294 in 2015.

What these two examples prove is that the Japanese are no less inventive or rational than other people in the world. Seemingly bizarre behaviors are the consequences of policy and institutions–and Japan needs better ones.

Biography of Masazumi Wakatabe: I am a Professor of Economics at Waseda University in Japan, and am a visiting fellow at the Center on Japanese Economy and Business at Columbia Business School from March 2017 to March 2018. I have been closely following Japan’s economic and monetary policy and my comments have been featured on various media outlets such as NHK and the Financial Times. Trained as a historian of economic thought, I comment on current topics in the Japanese economy with a historical perspective. I have published several books in Japanese, including one with Koichi Hamada, current advisor to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. The book entitled Studies on the Showa Depression, edited by Kikuo Iwata, to which I contributed, was awarded the Nikkei Best Book of Economics and Business in 2004. My most recent book, Japan’s Great Stagnation and Abenomics (PalgraveMacmillan), was published in April 2015.

RSS リーダーで購読する

Kyodo News: Central Tokyo population expected to keep growing

just_going_to_work_3509126762

Creative Commons: erikjohansson

KYODO: The population of three central Tokyo wards is projected to continue growing after 2025, when the overall number of citizens in the capital is estimated to take a downward turn, thanks to an apartment construction boom and convenient transport access. Chiyoda, Chuo and Minato wards have seen an influx of families with children and elderly people and the population growth there is expected to continue through 2040, but it could present municipal governments with challenges in providing adequate child and nursing care.

According to a Tokyo metropolitan government estimate, the population of the capital is expected to fall after hitting its peak of 13.98 million in 2025. But the three central wards are expected to rise further and reach a total of around 635,000 in 2040, up some 40 percent from January 2017. The three wards faced population drain to suburbs due to soaring land prices in the period of steep Japanese economic growth around the 1960s and 1970s and in the peak years of the bubble economy in the late 1980s.

However, the number of residents picked up in the late 1990s with Minato Ward’s population exceeding 250,000 in February for the first time in 54 years. Emiko Kanno, a 42-year-old office worker, lives in a Minato Ward apartment close to Tokyo Tower. “With the developed transportation system, the area is convenient for living and my husband’s commuting,” she said. A native of Hyogo in western Japan, Kanno used to live in Kanagawa Prefecture, southwest of Tokyo, but she moved to the area four years ago when she got married.

The international character of the area boasting many foreign embassies has been a draw and Kanno seems satisfied with the environment for raising her 1-year-old son. High-rise apartment buildings in the waterfront areas proved popular among families with small children and the total fertility rate, which shows the average number of children a woman will bear in her lifetime, stood at 1.44 in Minato in 2015, the highest among Tokyo’s 23 wards.

Chiyoda Ward, home of the national parliament and many government buildings, also saw its population surpass 60,000 for the first time since 1981. The population in Chuo Ward, where the Ginza shopping district and Tsukiji fish market are located, once fell below 80,000 but has recovered to 150,000.

A Tokyo metropolitan government official said, “We have seen a trend of people moving to city centers after the burst of the bubble economy. The three wards with many office buildings have also gone through redevelopment.”The official suggested the latest trend reflects more people opting to live close to their offices after the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami disrupted transportation systems and forced many to walk back home.

But the growing urban wards are not free from problems. The number of children who failed to secure slots in preschools in Minato Ward rose 2.5 times in April from a year earlier. A Minato Ward official said the municipal government is “overwhelmed with delight but a lack of enough childcare services has been the biggest challenge.”

Some elderly families have also been moving from detached houses in the suburbs to apartments in city centers as they are more convenient and well managed, the Tokyo metropolitan government official said. But with more senior citizens living alone or the elderly taking care of their even older parents, more social workers would be required to look after them. “It would be difficult for social workers to come to homes of the elderly in high-rise apartments that are automatically locked at their entrances. There would also be a need to assist people in such cases as elevators stop in disasters,” the official said.

While Tokyo continues to draw population, neighboring prefectures have seen serious population outflows of young people. Even in prefectural capitals of Maebashi in Gunma and Kofu in Yamanashi, populations have been declining. In the city of Shizuoka in central Japan, an estimated population as of April 1 fell below 700,000.

© KYODO

RSS リーダーで購読する

Creating Kimonos to Represent Different Nations

japanexpo11110-1-1497x630

Imagine kimonos that represent different countries in the world. The Imagine Oneworld Kimono Project seeks to create a collection of 196 kimono, each representing a different country. Currently, 55 have been completed, and the organization has launched a crowdfunding campaign to help secure the finances it needs for the remaining 141. The Kimono Project aims to showcase Japanese kimonos, which embody and which are designed in the Japanese spirit of wa, which means harmony.

India

Kimono representing India

According to the organization, harmony is the foundation of friendship and goodwill among people. It aims to reach beyond borders and beyond racial, religious, and economic differences by promoting the idea of “living peacefully together,” and desires to convey this message of harmony among the nations through the beauty and art of the Japanese kimono. In the Kimono Project, prominent Japanese kimono craftsmen create kimonos that expressly reflect a country’s unique culture and characteristics.

The goal is to make 196 unique kimonos, each representing a different country participating in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics.

Jordan

Model wearing Jordan's version

For more information and more designs of the kimonos, follow this link: http://piow.chips.jp/piow/english/

RSS リーダーで購読する

It’s Wisteria Time in Tokyo

img_20170430_150236

Until May 6th 2017, there is still some time to visit the wonderful Wisteria flower display at Kameido Tenjin Shrine in the Kinshicho area. The purple flowers begin blooming quite rapidly from late April until the beginning of May.

These lovely violet-colored flowers hang in several bunches like grapes. The Kameido Tenjin Shrine is well known for its wisterias. Beneath the wisteria trellises is a charming pond filled with carp and tortoises, creating the unique scenery of purple flowers reflected on the surface of the water. Going way back, these flowers were planted during the Edo period and are featured in many ukiyoe (color prints) and other works of art. For a modern touch, good views of Tokyo Sky Tree can be seen from the Shrine.

Follow this link for the Shrine’s official website (in Japanese): http://kameidotenjin.or.jp/ This separate website has detailed information on the Shrine: http://www.ukiyoe-gallery.com/kameido.htm

RSS リーダーで購読する

Results are in for the Recruit Sumai Survey

recruitsumai-chart1

The latest Recruit Sumai survey on favorite neighborhoods to live in the Kanto region has been published. The top five neighborhoods in the ranking are: Kichijoji, Ebisu, Yokohama, Meguro and Shinagawa. Last year, the top winner of this questionnaire was Ebisu, which toppled Kichijoji, a long-standing top contender from previous years. Other places in the top ten include Nakameguro, Shibuya and Tokyo station area. The popularity of the JR Yamanote train line is noticeable within the results.

The ranking, which takes place annually, is based on a survey conducted over the Internet for several days in January, and respondents pick their top three choices of where they would most like to live according to train stations. For the 2017 survey, a total of 3,996 people living in Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba and Ibaraki prefectures between the ages of 20-49 submitted their responses.

It seems Kichijoji is mainly blessed by attributes such as shopping streets, department stores and Inokashira Park. For results of the survey, follow this link for the pdf file (in Japanese): http://www.recruit-sumai.co.jp/press/upload/sumitaimachi_2017_kanto.pdf. Visit Higherground (http://higherground-rent.com/) for apartment listings in Ebisu, Meguro, Nakameguro, Shibuya, and Shinagawa.

RSS リーダーで購読する

Automate washing clothes with the Laundroid

laundryrobot1

Hate doing laundry? Very soon this task could be automated. In a recent article published by Bloomberg (written by Yuji Nakamura & Hiroyuki Nakagawa), a Japanese company has created a “laundry robot” called the Laundroid.

laundryrobot31According to the Bloomberg article (here is an excerpt): Shin Sakane, head of Seven Dreamers Laboratories Inc, received 6 billion yen ($53 million) from partners, including Panasonic Corp., last month to advance “the Laundroid” — a robot Sakane is developing to not only wash and dry garments, but also sort, fold and neatly arrange them. The refrigerator-size device could eventually fill the roles of washing machine, dryer and clothes drawer in people’s homes. Sakane (aged 45), whose earlier inventions include an anti-snoring device and golf clubs made of space materials, said the funding will bring closer his dream of liberating humanity from laundry.

Sakane wouldn’t disclose how Laundroid works, but patents show that users dump clothes in a lower drawer and robotic arms grab each item as scanners look for features such as buttons or a collar. Once identified, the clothes are folded using sliding plates and neatly stacked on upper shelves for collection. The goal is to eventually get the price of the full version to less than about JPY300,000.laundryrobot2

Users will still have to do some tasks, such as partially buttoning shirts, ensuring clothes aren’t inside out, and bunching socks before putting them inside the machine. That’s because even the best machine-learning applications can’t figure out how to fold a pair of socks. At the moment, each item takes about 10 minutes to fold, which Sakane attributed to the time necessary to scan each part of the clothing and communicate via Wi-Fi with a central server. He is working to get it down to 3-to-5 minutes, but said the robot was designed to be used passively while users are doing something else or out of the house.

Photo credits: Akio Kon, Bloomberg

For the entire Bloomberg article: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-12-01/robot-inspired-by-a-space-odyssey-will-relieve-you-of-laundry

RSS リーダーで購読する

Enjoying Springtime in Tokyo

hanami

Toyohara Chikanobu (1838–1912)

There are two seasons that are truly wonderful in Tokyo: Spring and Autumn, and this blog focuses on the former. Spring is arguably one of the best times, and after an often miserable Winter with its dry air and lack of greenery, the warmer weather is a godsend (unless you are a heavy sufferer of Kafunsho (pollen allergies). The warmer weather, of course, also brings the cherry blossoms and the happy, joyful people under them.

Spring brings the Sakura

mtfuji2

Flickr, Reginald Pentinio

Without a doubt, cherry blossom (Sakura) season is a major highlight in Japan. It is interesting to note that sakura trees grow extensively in the East Asian region, and exist in China, Korea and Taiwan. However, the way the trees are often presented in Japan is special. Hanami (cherry blossom viewing) is a well-loved tradition and custom where friends, family members and sometimes even coworkers go out to eat and drink all together under the trees to look at the gorgeous cherry blossoms. Click here for a previous blog about viewing the cherry blossoms here: http://livingtokyo.net/uncategorized/2015-03-25/cherry-blossom/ and visit this site for a few more listings: http://www.gotokyo.org/en/tourists/attractions/fourseasons/sakura.html.

Commons, Jun of Kanagawa

Creative Commons, Jun of Kanagawa

For Tokyo, on average, cherry blossoms start to bloom around the 25th of March and should be in full bloom by the first few days of April. It seems for this year, 2017, the blossoms may arrive a little earlier in Tokyo, and the latest (the fifth) forecast shows possible start date of March 19th. The blossoms usually last about a week. Warmer weather sooner will bring the blooms earlier, while colder weather will delay the blooms; but it is always hard to gauge especially for travellers who need to plan ahead. A good site for tracking the Sakura forecast for Japan is by the Japan Meteorological Corporation : https://n-kishou.com/corp/news-contents/sakura/news2017.html?lang=en#section01

Spring palate bamboo, greens and pink

Joi Ito from Inbamura

Creative Commons, Joi Ito from Inbamura

Spring brings an assortment of new greens to the kitchen table. In Japan, people enjoy bamboo shoots, spring cabbage, asparagus, wild greens from the mountains, as well as certain types of clams and seafood. Unlike other countries that associate strawberries as a summer fruit, strawberries are widely available and considered seasonal in Spring as well.

Young bamboo shoots are used in cooking during the spring and summer seasons. It is usually served with rice or seasoned with a sauce, or can be eaten boiled with a topping of bonito flakes. Another seasonal delight are new potatoes, which give a distant flavor compared to the old spud.

Creative Commons, Katorisi

Creative Commons, Katorisi

The red sea bream (tai) is also considered best in Spring, and is popular as sashimi (raw fish) or stewed. Squid, although available all year, also becomes sweeter in this season.

It won’t be Spring without seeing pink-colored sticky rice cakes (Sakura mochi)  for sale in stores. Do note that the pink hue does not come naturally from cherry blossoms, but is rather colored to celebrate the season. This extends to other Sakura-marketed products and even the Sakura frappuccinos at Starbucks. To the best of this author’s knowledge, the pink blossoms from the cherry trees really don’t have much of a scent or taste; and even if some species do, it would be weak at best (unlike jasmine blossoms, which give off a strong scent, for example).

Creative Commons, Katorisi

Creative Commons, Katorisi

Spring mountain vegetables are prevalent from the later part of winter onwards. Called Sansai, they are essentially wild, edible vegetable from the mountainous areas of Japan. For more details visit: https://gurunavi.com/en/japanfoodie/2016/03/sansai.html?__ngt__=TT0ce0dba30001ac1e4ac20aFjAUoGt4r8gMJP83v-BonA

Springtime festivals and events

There are countless festivals taking place in Spring time, many of which are centered around the cherry blossoms, and provide food and drink at the same time. One of the major ones occur along the Meguro river in the Nakameguro area, where neighboring restaurants and bars come out with a food and drink stand selling items like sakura champagne and gourmet sausages. There are, however, other festivals of interest and here are a few listed below.

firewalkingThe Firewalking festival at Mt Takao : At the festival on March 12th, believers first pray for the safety of family, traffic and body and then follow yamabushi (Shugendo practicing monks) to walk barefoot over the sacred goma fire that is smoldering and still partially burning. The sight of yamabushi monks bravely walking through the flame while chanting is the event’s highlight. Visitors may also participate in the barefoot walking after the fire has been put out, and by that time, the actual temperature of the path they would walk is only slightly warm. For more info: http://www.takaosan.or.jp/english/index.html

uenoparkhanamiThe Ueno Sakura Matsuri: Ueno Park, is the host of one of many sakura matsuri that take place at the end of March or beginning of April (when the blossoms bloom). Ueno Park is especially welcoming for hamami, as people take up spots by the sakura trees. For this festive occasion, expect plenty of food stalls but also huge crowds. Nevertheless, Ueno Park is one of the best places to take a stroll with the cherry blossom trees.

yabusameYabusame at Asakusa: Yabusame is a type of horse-mounted archery in traditional Japanese archery. An archer shoots three special “turnip-headed” arrows at three wooden targets, while riding on a sprinting horse. This style of archery has its origins at the beginning of the Kamakura period. Taking place on April 15th, 2017, the free event lasts one hour from 11am. It is best to arrive early to grab a good viewing spot.

azaleaBunkyo Azalea Festival (Tsutsuji Matsuri): Located at Nezu Shrine, Bunkyo Ward, azaleas bloom for about a month. Home to about 3,000 azalea plants, the shrine will have Taiko drum and folk dance performances, usually around Golden Week. For more details (in Japanese): http://www.nedujinja.or.jp/main/k4.html

sanjaThe “Yakuza” Festival (Sanja Matsuri): Held in May, centered around the Sensoji Temple and Asakusa Shrine area (5-min walk from Asakusa station), the Sanja Matsuri is considered Tokyo’s biggest festival. It has a reputation for being somewhat wild and lively displaying many elaborate portable shrines (mikoshi). The festival lasts three days and attracts over 2 million visitors. Festivals featuring mikoshi tend to have an energetic intensity about them, as they’re essentially about feats of strength and endurance; and the Sanja Matsuri is considered one of the major ones in this respect.

RSS リーダーで購読する

Hina Matsuri: An Early Spring Tradition

19th century Ukiyoe by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (Japan, 1839-1892)

19th century Ukiyoe by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (Japan, 1839-1892)

Every year on March 3rd, Hinamatsuri (Doll’s Festival) is celebrated in Japan. As one of five major seasonal festivals in the country, ceremonies and special dishes are prepared to ensure good fortune. It is easy to spot any Hinamatsuri celebration since it involves the display of elaborately crafted dolls representing the Imperial Court. In the old days, there was a broader tradition that involved making simple paper dolls called hitogata for religious purposes. The hinamatsuri gradually became a time to give thanks for the health and development of young girls. Over time, the intricately crafted artisan dolls came into flavor.

dolls-set

Creative Commons, Katorisi

Dolls in The Imperial Court

The most alluring aspect of the Hinamatsuri is, of course, the intricately crafted dolls (Hinakazari). These are displayed on a red-carpeted, platform called Hinadan, which represents the court of the Imperial household. The top level displays the Prince and Princess (this pair of dolls is the most basic of displays, called the Dairi Bina, which is often displayed inside a glass casing). In the full setting, the royalty are waited upon by the court ladies, musicians, and other attendants who sit on the lower levels along with decorations such as sake cups and elaborate chests of drawers.

From sometime in February, households with young daughters will display the ornately dressed figurines prominently, where they can be admired by family members and guests. However, once the festival is over the dolls and decorations are promptly packed away (superstition dictates that leaving them out too long will harm a daughter’s chances of marriage).

Creative Commons (flickr), Takashi .M

Creative Commons, Takashi .M

Families often buy a new set of dolls when the first daughter is born, while others pass down the Hinakazari from one generation to the next. In the past it was not uncommon for new brides to take their set with them when they married. Undoubtedly, the hinadan represented one of the most splendid and valuable possession in the home and was cherished not just by girls, but the entire household.

Events and Activities with Hina Matsuri

Creative Commons, Midori

Creative Commons, Midori

In the days leading up to March 3 it is common for children to celebrate hinamatsuri by holding parties and enjoying such treats as hina-arare (multi-colored sweets made from rice and sugar), chirashi-zushi, clam soup, and red and white rice cakes called hishi-mochi. Traditionally, sprigs of peach blossoms are displayed along with dolls at these gatherings.

There are also exhibitions held across Japan that showcase the Hina Matsuri dolls, many are antiques created and preserved as historical relics. In Tokyo, there are also many displays for Hina Matsuri, and there are a variety of exhibitions in town. Below we list a couple of major exhibitions that are held annually.

megurogajoen1

Meguro Gajoen

At the Meguro Gajoen: this location in Meguro hosts a large, extensive display of Hina Matsuri dolls at its historically relevant and well preserved Hyakudan Kaidan (a series of seven extravagantly decorated rooms linked by a 99-step staircase that has great historical value, and is worth a visit in its own right). Throughout the year, the Hyakudan Kaidan hosts a number of exhibitions and events. The area would otherwise be closed to the public. For more info, visit: http://www.megurogajoen.co.jp/event/hinamaturi/

keio2

Keio Plaza

At Keio Plaza Hotel Tokyo: Every year, through February and March, the Keio Plaza Hotel Tokyo celebrates the Hina-matsuri festival. The main lobby, and other locations around the hotel, will showcase 6,500 handmade hanging silk dolls. In addition, a variety of bonsai are displayed to compliment the festival. For more info, visit: http://www.keioplaza.com/offers/events1601_01.html

hinabanner

Creative Commons, S Kitahashi

RSS リーダーで購読する

Japanese Koshu: Wineries to watch

japanese-wine2

Recently Decanter Magazine published an article on Japanese wine, specifically from Koshu in the Yamanashi Region. Here below is an excerpt of the article.

Decanter: Japan may be better known for its sake, but its national grape, Koshu, has been picking up awards for several years, mostly under the radar. Decanter’s Tasting team has selected five wineries to watch out for following a recent tasting hosted in London by Koshu of Japan. (Visit the Decanter website for the selected five wineries.) It is surprising to see that such a new style over here in the West has been around for a long time in Japan, with our top five wineries all being founded in the five decades spanning the 1880s to the 1930s.

japanese-wine31About Koshu from Yamanashi Prefecture

Koshu is a native Japanese grape variety that has been grown domestically for centuries, but only used for winemaking since 1874. It now covers 480 hectares of vineyards in Japan, with 95% grown in the Yamanashi prefecture, in the shadow of Mount Fuji.

About the Viticulture

During the growing season, typhoons can bring a lot of rain which threatens the bunches with rot. This is countered by training the vines high above the ground on a pergola system to encourage airflow. Some vineyards even adorn individual bunches with hats that protect them from rain; an incredible display of attention to detail!

About the Flavour

A delicate and aromatic grape variety, Koshu produces refreshing still and sparkling wines that display distinctly Eastern flavours such as yuzu and creamed rice. Suffice to say, thanks to the high acidity and lightness of this variety, it is a perfect pairing for Japanese cuisine, particularly sushi.japanese-wine

For the entire article: visit http://www.decanter.com/wine-reviews-tastings/japanese-koshu-wineries-354235/

For more info on Koshu wine, visit Koshu of Japan, an organization established in July 2009 by fifteen Japanese wine producers from the Yamanashi Prefecture.

RSS リーダーで購読する

Toss Away Your Demons

setsubun11

Dividing the Seasons with Setsubun

Setsubun (節分, せつぶん) literally means “seasonal division” is celebrated on February 3rd every year. Setsubun is the day preceding risshun, which is the first day of spring according to the old Japanese or lunar calendar. The idea of Setsubun involves cleansing away all the evil of the former year and drive away disease-bringing evil spirits for the year to come.

Artist: Sheila Harrington of eachdayisacelebration.com

Artist: Sheila Harrington of eachdayisacelebration.com

Called Mamemaki (bean throwing), the ritual involves throwing roasted soybeans either out the door or at a member of the family wearing an Oni (demon or ogre) mask, while saying “Demons out! Luck in!” (鬼は外! 福は内! Oni wa soto! Fuku wa uchi!) and then slamming the door. These soybeans are called fuku mame or fortune beans,

wooden-setsubun-mask

Source: Daderot, Creative Commons

The beans are thought to symbolically purify the home by driving away the evil spirits that bring misfortune and bad health with them. Also people can be healthy and happy if they pick up and eat fuku mame the number equal to their ages. Also, eating fortune sushi rolls called eho-maki is a Japanese custom on Setsubun.

Mamemaki is still common practice in households, and widely celebrated at schools and kindergartens with children. In addition, many people attend a shrine or temple’s Spring festival for an event. At major temples and shrines, Japanese celebrities often participate in mamemaki by tossing the beans at the revellers.

Setsubun at Sensoji

Setsubun at Sensoji

For Zozoji Temple, famed for its association with the long line of Tokugawa shoguns and for its proximity to Tokyo Tower, will have a bean flinging ceremony. Also, a similar event will be held at Asakusa’s famous Sensoji Temple.

For more on the subject visit Best Living Japan’s compilation here: http://www.bestlivingjapan.com/best-of-setsubun-february-3rd-read-go-and-make/

setsubunclassic2

RSS リーダーで購読する

Home > About Tokyo and Japan Archive

Return to page top