Yushima Tenmangu (羚?涯紊???絎?)?is a Shinto Shrine near Ueno, commonly called Yushima Tenjin (羚?涯紊???).
This Shrine was originally established in 458 in order to worship Ameno-tajikaraono-mikoto (紊???????????????), one of deities appears in the Japanese myths. ?Later, in February 1355, the spirit of Sugawara Michizane (????????????, 845-903), a historical figure, was also enshrined to venerate his extraordinary virtue as a scholar.? Sugawara Michizane is enshrined as Tenjin (紊???), a god of thunder and storms.
Portrait of Sugawara
In 1478, Ota Dokan(紊??育?????, 1432-86), a warlord in Kanto region,?rebuilt the Shrine.? Since then, many scholars and litterateurs including Confucianists such as Hayashi Razan (???臂?絮?, 1583-1657) and Arai Hakuseki (??遺????順??, 1657-1725)?in Edo period, have worshiped this shrine.
Nowadays many students visit this shrine to express their reverence to the enshrined spirit of Sugawara Michizane as?god of learning.? Especially in the season of school entrance examinations, young students visit to pray for the success of passing examinations.
The shrine is also famous for beautiful blossoms of Ume (罌?, Japanese apricot) in the precinct.? In February and March every year, Ume Matsuri (罌?腑???, Ume festival) is held, and it attracts many visitors who enjoy the Ume blossoms.? To the Japanese, Ume is?a special?flower that announces the arrival of spring, earlier than cherry blossoms.